Project Details

  • Start: July, 2013
  • End: November, 2014


Related Projects


  • Kristin Brabender @ Hortobágyi Nemzeti Park
  • Waltraut Zimmermann @ Kölner Zoo

Leadership hierarchy in wild horses

Based on aerial records captured by small flying robots we investigate the collective motion and the leadership dynamics in a herd of Przewalski horses (Equus ferus przewalskii) living under semi-reserve conditions. The spatial distribution of the horses shows their social organization producing an astonishing pattern during movements.

The observation is performed in collaboration with the Hortobágy National Park, Hungary and the Kölner Zoo.

In order to understand the main rules which form multilevel societies we build models as well.

The working page of the project can be found  here, participants can get access to the private content by writing an email to


PubList(project:hierarchy_in_wild_horses, order=-year)?